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Baby-lo type Doll
Baby-lo type Doll. The Doll with a papier-mâché head and a clothing body with compositional extremities. It has a very big resemblance to the biscuit dolls called Baby-lo. This doll arrived in my hands with the eyes fallen and some scratches in the head which has been restored remaining impeccable. The eyes are made of glass and are fixed. The clothing body is in perfect condition. It measures about 56 cm.
The Bye-Lo Baby doll was intended to represent a three-day-old real baby. It is noted by his appearance that they used a black baby as a model.The Bye-Lo Baby dolls are versions in biscuit, wax and composition paste with celluloid hands; some have a fabric body with curious shapes and different sizes, designed by Georgene Averill.
For the most part at the start, most of the dolls from the United States were imported. It is not known if American dolls were made before the Civil War, but in this case in the 19th century New York, Philadelphia, and New England became the main areas of doll making especially the Baby-lo type Doll
Usually, heads used to be imported from Europe and added to bodies made in the United States; likewise, many of the United States dollmakers, such as Greiner, had learned the trade in Europe. Generally, the best known body manufacturer was Jacob Lacmann. In particular, American Heads used to be made of composition paste, paper mache, or rag.
The Stone Cardboard Dolls
In many cases included in the classification of Composition dolls
Cardboard-stone or papier- maiché is defined in a dictionary of the late nineteenth century as: “a durable material made of paper pulp containing a mixture of pulp, oil, resin or other substances, from glued sheets of paper and pressed “.
Glue is added to the paper pulp as a binder. In some cases mud or flour was also added to achieve rigidity and solidity.
The word ” papier- maiché ” is used in English, French and German.
One of the first references to papier-mâché dolls is in Fournier’s “History of Children’s Games.” “The first dolls used a mixture of clay, paper and chalk called ‘carton-pierre’ (literally ‘stone cardboard’).”
In the area of Germany this material was known as “cardboard-pâté” (cardboard paste or papier-mâché) where it was poured into the molds of the dolls.
In the. XVIII it was discovered that papier- maiché dolls could be produced en masse, by a process of pressing the dough made into molds on the parts of the dolls.
It was assumed that this process was introduced to Sonnerberg from Paris, laid the foundations of large industry.
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