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Pepona doll with papier-mâché head and body. Called Pepa Catalana. This doll reading in my hands with some peeling on the head and on the body. It has been restored in impeccable condition. It measures about 42cm.
Pepa Pepona Doll
Name Given to the best known and most popular girl. She is an ordinary girl of molded cardboard paste, with painted features. Made mainly in Catalonia and ruled by the Valencians. It usually has the arms and legs articulated by elastic bands and the head attached to the cs in one piece.
They are sold dressed in plain cloth sweaters and brightly colored. It is held in place by nails or needles. Many of them were dressed at home.
The footwear could be painted or in Others hold a simple cardboard sandal and throw paper.
These are the dolls of the popular classes Until the 1940s. We can find Pepas dolls with hair modeled with buns and ribbons, as well as modeled and painted booties. These are part of the second half of the twentieth century.
The Stone papier-maché Dolls
The manufacture of dolls in Spain was created in the first workshop in 1878 by Ramon Mira Vides. These industrial workshops were centralized in the town of Onil. Its terrisaire tradition allowed the creation of the first dolls, of artisan character, began to be conceived as an industrial product.
These first dolls created by Ramon Mira were made of baked clay. Due to the fragility of the material an improvement process was started in search of other materials. Papier-Maché Doll
Novelties will be created such as movable eyes, instead of painted, the incorporation of the weeper, which allowed to make a sound that was identified with the cry or the words “Mama” and also the stylization of arms and legs.
Over time, the materials changed to the use of the so-called stone cardboard.
The wrists had joints in their limbs, which were joined with elastic cords. This procedure of the cardboard, worked with the bulk was vital for the increase of the production.Papier-Maché Doll
During the 1940s in Spain it was the great absolute empire of the stone cardboard doll. Not only the popular Pepona that was made of this material, although its appearance was rougher, because it was less worked and polished; but also the most luxurious dolls. The stone cardboard doll lasted its manufacture until the arrival of plastic during the second half of the fifties. The use of plastic was introduced regularly from the sixties.
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