Eduardo Juan Made in Austria bisque Doll (porcelain) with a body of old composition.
Wig is made of natural and modern hair. Original eyes are glass and fixed. It measures about 51 cm. The dress and underwear were made to measure, following the old models.
On the back of the head it is marked with a number 1904 and Eduardo Juan Made in Austria, mold nº8. The Doll is attributed to the Aich-Menzel brand from Austria.
Was created by A.C. Angers who founded an Austrian porcelain factory in 1848, in 1870 M. J. Moehling became the owner. The company appears to have changed ownership several more times and finally in 1918, the company was known as Aich, Menzel & Company, or Aich Porzellanfabrik.
1918 is also when the company began producing biscuit-headed dolls, most with composition bodies.
1904 is the doll mold number, not the year the biscuit head was made. Aich doll brand Menzel A&M is often mistaken for Armand Marseille, so collectors refer to this company as the Austrian A&M doll brand.
Generally, Germany was the most prolific country in the world in terms of doll making and it’s collectors have received a great legacy.
In general, bisque doll heads were made in the same way as other bisque products just like Eduardo Juan Made in Austria bisque Doll
Earlier bisque heads were more likely to have been pressed than dumped. The liquid preparation could have been stained or white.
Oin short referred to by collectors as “Parian” paste, could also be soft paste or hard porcelain paste.
Furthermore, It was similar to the manufacturing process for making cookie heads. First, a mixture of kaolin (a white clay) with water is left to macerate, until a fine mixture is obtained.
Usually, Large doll manufacturing companies produced all kinds of dolls in a large number of designs and materials.
Like Eduardo Juan Made in Austria bisque Doll, Mineral pigments were used to paint the heads. Two layers of pale pink were applied all over the head and neck. Then the cheeks, lips, nostrils, brown eyes and eyelashes were painted before the second baking, at a lower temperature ensuring their permanence.
The Golden Age of the German Dolls lasted 75 years, especially from the mid-nineteenth century to the first quarter of the 20th century. XX. During this time, German brands came to dominate the global doll market thanks to the huge variety of models and their competitive prices.
The vast majority of German doll makers were in the southeastern province of Thuringia which is the sixth smallest state of the country situated in central germany .
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