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Simon Halbing nº126 bisque Doll
Simon Halbing nº126 bisque Doll (porcelain) with a composition body (MODERN). The wig is made of natural and old hair. The original eyes are glass and pendulous. It measures about 32 cm.
On the back of the head it has a mark SIMON HALBING No. 126.
Simon & Halbing
Simon & Halbing, from Gräfenhain in Thuringia was perhaps one of the companies that grew the most.They made a huge variety of parian and papier-mache doll heads, but they didn’t make bodies. They were bought from other companies, although the design could be Simon & Halbing, except in the case of biscuit dolls, for which they did make bodies. J.D Kestner of Waltershausen, Thuringia, was perhaps the only German company that manufactured both heads and bodies.
It is difficult to date the dolls since as it happened with Marseille, Simon & Halbing used the same mold numbers for different sizes, even for the heads of other manufacturers.
Generally, Germany was the most prolific country in the world in terms of doll making and it’s collectors have received a great legacy.
In general, bisque doll heads were made in the same way as other bisque products just likeSimon Halbing nº126 bisque Doll (porcelain).
Earlier bisque heads were more likely to have been pressed than dumped. The liquid preparation could have been stained or white.
Oin short referred to by collectors as “Parian” paste, it could also be soft paste or hard porcelain paste.
Furthermore, It was similar to the manufacturing process for making cookie heads. First, a mixture of kaolin (a white clay) with water was left to macerate, until a fine mixture was obtained.
Usually, Large doll manufacturing companies produced all kinds of dolls in a large number of designs and materials.
Like Simon Halbing nº126 bisque Doll (porcelain), Mineral pigments were used to paint the heads. Two layers of pale pink were applied all over the head and neck. Then the cheeks, lips, nostrils, brown eyes and eyelashes were painted before the second baking, at a lower temperature ensuring their permanence.
The Golden Age of the German Dolls lasted 75 years, especially from the mid-nineteenth century to the first quarter of the 20th century. XX. During this time, German brands came to dominate the global doll market thanks to the huge variety of models and their competitive prices.
The vast majority of German doll makers were in the southeastern province of Thuringia which is the sixth smallest state of the country situated in central germany.
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