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Celluloid Kammer & Reinhardt Doll – SOLD-
Celluloid Kammer & Reinhardt Doll. Doll, articulated in the neck, arms and legs. The facial coloration, open mouth, molded painted hair. She had a small fissure in her right arm which has been reconstructed leaving it impeccable. The rubber bands have been replaced. The glass eyes with eyelashes are original and pendulous It measures about 32 cm.
Celluloid Kammer & Reinhardt Doll it has a K and R with a 6 pointed star and the mold number 728/32, attributed to the Kammer & Reinhardt brand.
The Brand Kämmer & Reinhardt
In this case, Ernst Kammer and Franz Reinhardt founded a puppet factory at Waltershausen in 1885.
Interestingly, in 1886 the K&R brand with a star was registered. Importantly, They produced biscuit doll heads and jointed doll bodies.
Consequently, the company have been experimenting with celluloid since 1890. interestingly they were copies of biscuit doll heads from the K&R brand based on designs by the sculptor Karl Kraubner.
Meanwhile starting in 1902, Kammer and Reinhardt used a new paint method to keep Celluloid Heads from fading.
In addition, the process consisted of applying the paint even with the celluloid without drying it . The paint was expected to dry and the celluloid to harden. Subsequently, starting in 1912, the Colored Heads were covered with a washable, clear matte varnish developed by K&R. to summarise, this new varnish prevented the heads from turning yellow and fading over time, the usual celluloid glow faded, creating a matte pink color.
Importantly, the wrists took on new facial features giving a more natural and realistic air.
Generally, the most significant advance in this new path was the realistic replica of a six-week-old baby, which K&R released in 1909 after being designed by a Berlin artist as a biscuit doll and later as a celluloid doll.
For example, Amazing and characteristic, K&R celluloid dolls brand have details of the body and legs like seated babies. The foot has details that are only found in this brand.
To sum up, Celluloid dolls of the number 717 (and 321) were partially manufactured until after 1930.
Interestingly, Celluloid dolls that were produced after the war received new single-digit serial numbers, but closely resemble dolls made earlier from the war.
Consequently, The Kammer & Reinhardt company continued to produce until 1958.
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