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Celluloid kammer & reinhardt nº728/8 doll
Celluloid Kammer & Reinhardt nº728/8 Doll. The Doll, articulated in the neck, arms and legs. She has crystal eyes , facial coloration, open mouth. It measures about 27 cm. This doll arrived in my hands in perfect condition. The tires have been changed.
On his head and the body it has a K and R with a 6 pointed star and the mold number 728/8, attributed to the Kammer & Reinhardt brand.
The mark Kämmer & Reinhardt
In 1932 Kämmer & Reinhardt became the leading company in Waltershausen, surpassing Kestner.
The company also marketed composition paste, rubber and celluloid dolls manufactured by the Rheinische Gummi a Celluloid-Fabrick Co. under the Tortuga brand the same Celluloid kammer & reinhardt nº728/8 doll
It is believed that it was she who took the baby’s body around 1909 with her arms and legs flexed, a 5-piece body. This innovative composition also produced a series of unusual mechanisms for the eyes and other realistic features; In addition, he introduced a change in the anatomy of the wrists to reflect changes in dress and make them look more authentic babies.
In the last quarter of the 19th century, celluloid began to compete with traditional materials used in doll making, such as biscuit, wood, paper, and cloth.
Because it was a versatile substance, made from pyroxylin (cellulose nitrates) and camphor, it was an inexpensive material and easy to produce.
It was mostly used extensively for doll making, as well as many household items, until the mid-1950s same Celluloid kammer & reinhardt nº728/8 doll , when it was replaced by other plastics.
Celluloid was first developed and used for Hyatt Brothers dolls in New Jersey in the late 1860s. His company registered the name “celluloid” in 1869. Although the product was patented, the word celluloid is used to Often to describe all types of pyroxylin mixtures, regardless of manufacturer.
The manufacturing process of the celluloid dolls in the first place is to place the celluloid substance in its solid state in a two-piece metal mold. The second step was to introduce steam or hot air into the mold under pressure, this softened the celluloid adapting to the shape of the mold until the two halves were joined.
When it cools, it is removed from the mold and the doll is decorated.
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