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Celluloid schildkröt 48 doll
Celluloid schildkröt 48 doll. The Doll, articulated in the neck, arms and legs. She has fixes crystal eyes , facial coloration, open mouth. It measures about 27 cm. This doll arrived in my hands in perfect condition. The tires have been changed.
The body and the head have a turtle inside a diamond, body is numbered 48 and the head 210/45; attributed to Schildkröt brand.
The Schildkröt Brand
Established in Bavaria in 1873 by Friedrich Bensinger, the Reinische Gummi-und Celluloid Fabrik was the major producer of celluloid in Germany.
Schildkrote is the German word for turtle, and the company’s main trademark was a walking turtle encased in a diamond, which was molded on the doll necks and bodies like Celluloid schildkröt 48 doll
Therfore the mark is raised. In some cases the diamond is omitted, or the turtle is enclosed in a circle, square, oval, triangle, or hexagon. Other manufacturers of celluloid also used the trademark of a turtle therfore to represent durability, however, the raiser turtle-in-a-diamond was exclusive to the Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid -Fabrik.
In the last quarter of the 19th century, celluloid began to compete with traditional materials used in doll making, such as biscuit, wood, paper, and cloth.
Because it was a versatile substance, made from pyroxylin (cellulose nitrates) and camphor, it was an inexpensive material and easy to produce.
It was mostly used extensively for doll making, as well as many household items, until the mid-1950s same Celluloid schildkröt 48 doll , when it was replaced by other plastics.
Celluloid was first developed and used for Hyatt Brothers dolls in New Jersey in the late 1860s. His company registered the name “celluloid” in 1869. Although the product was patented, the word celluloid is used to Often to describe all types of pyroxylin mixtures, regardless of manufacturer.
The manufacturing process of the celluloid dolls in the first place is to place the celluloid substance in its solid state in a two-piece metal mold. The second step was to introduce steam or hot air into the mold under pressure, this softened the celluloid adapting to the shape of the mold until the two halves were joined.
When it cools, it is removed from the mold and the doll is decorated. Celluloid schildkröt 48 doll
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