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Kammer & Reinhardt nº 4 celluloid Doll
Antique Kammer & Reinhardt nº 4 celluloid Doll. It has articulated head, arms and legs. The eyes are glass and pendulous. It has vibrant facial coloration, an open mouth with 2 teeth and is long. Natural and original hair. It has a crybaby in the back but does not work. This doll arrived in my hands in perfect condition, only the rubbers have been changed. It measures about 36 cm.
The Kammer & Reinhardt nº 4 celluloid Doll. The body and the head have the drawing of a K and R with a 6 pointed star and the mold number 4. Mark attributed to Kammer & Reinhardt.
The Kammer & Reinhardt Brand
In this case, Ernst Kammer and Franz Reinhardt founded a puppet factory at Waltershausen in 1885.
Interestingly, in 1886 the K&R brand with a star was registered. Importantly, They produced biscuit doll heads and jointed doll bodies.
Consequently, the company have been experimenting with celluloid since 1890. Certainly they were copies of biscuit doll heads from the K&R brand based on designs by the sculptor Karl Kraubner.
Meanwhile starting in 1902, Kammer and Reinhardt used a new paint method to keep Celluloid Heads from fading.
In addition, the process Firstly consisted of applying the paint even with the celluloid without drying it. The secondly paint was expected to dry and the celluloid to harden. Subsequently, starting in 1912, the Colored Heads were covered with a washable, clear matte varnish developed by K&R. To summarise, this new varnish prevented the heads from turning yellow and fading over time, the usual celluloid glow faded, creating a matte pink color like Kammer & Reinhardt nº 4 celluloid Doll.
Likewise, the Kammer & Reinhardt company also developed so-called “picaresque eyes” or “flirty eyes” and were patented.
After that generally, the Kammer & Reinhardt brand was the first doll maker to name their biscuit and celluloid doll models.
In other words, the most significant advance in this new path was the realistic replica of a six-week-old baby, which K&R released in 1909 after being designed by a Berlin artist as a biscuit doll and later as a celluloid doll.
For example, Amazing and characteristic, K&R celluloid dolls brand have details of the body and legs like seated babies. The foot has details that are only found in this brand.
Interestingly, Celluloid dolls that were produced after the war received new single-digit serial numbers, but closely resemble dolls made earlier from the war.
Consequently, The Kammer & Reinhardt company continued to produce until 1958.
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