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Baby celluloide ICSA Doll
Baby celluloide ICSA Doll. This doll arrived in my hands in perfect condition. I have changed the tires. Original, glass and fixes eyes. It measures about 43 cm.
The Baby celluloide ICSA Doll, It has a mark on the nape of the ICSA and on the head too. Attributed to the Iberico Comercial brand, a Spanish company founded in 1918 that disappeared in 1976.
Celluloid Babies a Baby ages 40-50
There is a wide range of Celluloid Babies with the “ICSA” brand. In a wide variety of sizes and qualities, both black and white, without their own name being known. Some may be versions of Luisito, Carlitos or of the “Crying Baby”. It is difficult to tell them apart.
IBÉRICA COMERCIAL, was founded in Barcelona in 1918. The company was created by the young Otto Katzenstein Schwarz, a German fully integrated into the Barcelona society of the time. He held the position of Chairman of the Board of Directors of “Ibérica Comercial” (ICSA) until his death in 1950.
In the brand a winged helmet of Hermes (Mercury in Roman mythology) appears in its initial logo, since this is the God of Alchemy, like Baby celluloide ICSA Doll.
However, in 1935 they applied for the registration of the patent for “A PROCEDURE FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF DOLLS, BABYS, FIGURES, ANIMALS AND SIMILAR ITEMS, USING SPECIAL MOLDS WITH STEAM PRESSURE”. What we know today as a blow molding machine, which is used to manufacture all kinds of plastic objects and which at that time would be used with celluloid, since plastic would appear later, in the 1950s. .
Firstly, 1946 they were announced as “Fine Celluloid Factory”. In the 1950s, the dolls, “Linda”, “Luisito”, and especially the better-known “Merceditas de España”, were widely publicized, inspired by Otto’s own daughter, Mercedes, who would compete in popularity with the “Mariquita Pérez”, like Baby celluloide ICSA Doll.
Later in the early 70s, the company began to have difficulties marketing its dolls with the same success as in previous years and in 1976, we do not know exactly why, but the company stoped the manufacturing and selling of its products, although it continued to be officially registered. until 1980.
We probably can’t tell which was the first doll ICSA made, nor which was the last.
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