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Celluloid Schutz Marke 5/45 Doll SOLD
Celluloid Schutz Marke 5/45 Doll . It has articulated head, arms and legs. The eyes are original, pendullous and glass, vibrant facial coloration, ajar mouth, molded painted hair This doll arrived in my hands in perfect condition only the rubbers have been changed. It measures about 40 cm.
The head have the drawing of a heart and the letters Schutz marke Germany and the mold number 5/45. Mark attributed to Schutz marke. The body have the drawing of a K and R with a 6 pointed star and the mold number 38. Mark attributed to Kammer & Reinhardt.
The Schutz Marke Germany Brand
factory of celuloide dolls Waltershausen / Thuringen 1900-1950
Above all, Bruno Scmidt will founded the first factory in 1900. The registered trademark was the heart with the letters B.S.W.
As a result in 1913, the seva celluloid factory worked for the manufacture of caps. Later he also created children completely out of celluloid, dolls able to sit and dolls able to stand up.
However, in 1914 they created the dolls of celuloide nº 120, the dolls of dolls celuloide nº130 and the series of dolls of celuloide nº 12.
Between 1917 and 1919, the company was forced to remain closed due to lack of raw materials. It seems that Bruno Schimdt’s most important and beautiful series of celluloid dolls are probably the “heart baby” it is the celluloid reproduction of the biscuit doll nº. 208.
These nine dolls were made with the head and limbs mobile and in four different sizes (36.50 cm).
Bruno Schmidt is going to obtain patents for the devices of movement of the eyes. With the injection of glass eyes to Heads of celluloid fi, like Celluloid Schutz Marke 5/45 Doll
In conclusion, The Bruno Schmidt company produced until the late 1950.
In the last quarter of the 19th century, celluloid began to compete with traditional materials used in doll making, such as biscuit, wood, paper, and cloth.
Because it was a versatile substance, made from pyroxylin (cellulose nitrates) and camphor, it was an inexpensive material and easy to produce.
It was mostly used extensively for doll making, as well as many household items, until the mid-1950s, when it was replaced by other plastics.
Celluloid was first developed and used for Hyatt Brothers dolls in New Jersey in the late 1860s. His company registered the name “celluloid” in 1869. Although the product was patented, the word celluloid is used to Often to describe all types of pyroxylin mixtures, regardless of manufacturer.
The manufacturing process of the celluloid dolls in the first place is to place the celluloid substance in its solid state in a two-piece metal mold. The second step was to introduce steam or hot air into the mold under pressure, this softened the celluloid adapting to the shape of the mold until the two halves were joined.
When it cools, it is removed from the mold and the doll is decorated.
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